Etymology[ edit ] Atmabodha means "Self-knowledge", self-awareness, or one with the "possession of a knowledge of soul or the supreme spirit". Even though the authenticity of this work is doubted by present day scholars, it does not contradict the Advaita system which it advocates. As in Vivekachudamani , Shankara teaches that the Ultimate Reality or Brahman , the foundation of all, is beyond name and form, is of the nature of Pure Consciousness, but who can be realized by pursuing the Path of Knowledge, not by worship. For the Wisdom of Self is the one way to Freedom, leading beyond all other paths, As cooking cannot be accomplished without fire, so Freedom cannot be attained without wisdom.
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The teachings here tend not to be found in many other places. It comprises a structured and comprehensive explanation of the various methods of Advaita Vedanta. The opposite is also true — putting the words of this chapter into practice sets one off on the direct path to liberation. Now Realisation is dealt with. Why should I now practise meditation? No one. Whose identity with whom is implied in it? After enquiry, knowledge is gained that the witness is Brahman. Now knowledge has taken the place of ignorance.
This is the use. Tell me. There is a difference. On enquiring into its significance I have found that the witness of the five sheaths in me is the same as Brahman. What can be discordant in this? He is not the conceit itself. There is no ignorance for the witness. The witness is undoubtedly Brahman. He cannot be. Here the sruti does not convey the unconditional meaning. This is the significance of the sacred text. A maggot is brought by a wasp and kept in its hive.
This is the realisation of Brahman. Can he then be different? Not so either. It cannot be. He must be a deluded being and not a sage. Unless there is an object, no experience is possible. There is no duality in Brahman. No one and nothing. How is this to be explained? He is not aware of it. Only Brahman is real; all else is unreal. But who will agree to sacrifice his individuality? Here ends the Chapter on Realisation. See here for how the teachings in this chapter lead to Silence or the Ultimate Means to Liberation.