Inflammation in the vascular system can result in diffuse microangiopathy with thrombosis. Inflammation in the myocardium can result in myocarditis, heart failure, arrhythmias, acute coronary syndrome, rapid deterioration, and sudden death. Potential effects of coronaviruses on the cardiovascular system: a review. JAMA Cardiol. Eur Heart J.
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Outlook Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD is the term for a group of lung conditions that are progressive, meaning that they get worse over time. COPD prevents the lungs from working efficiently, which can lead to a range of complications. In people with COPD, the air sacs in the lungs become damaged. This damage affects the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the body and causes a variety of symptoms, including wheezing, shortness of breath, and coughing.
In this article, we look at five possible complications of COPD. We also cover the outlook for this disease and provide some tips for preventing complications. COPD often progresses slowly over several years, but complications may develop at any time. These complications can be severe and even life-threatening.
The five most common types of COPD complication include: 1. Pneumonia Share on Pinterest Symptoms of pneumonia include a cough, chest pain, and a fever. Pneumonia is an infection that causes inflammation of the lungs.
It can result from a viral, bacterial, or fungal infection. People with lung diseases, such as COPD, are more likely to develop pneumonia and other lung infections. According to a study of , adults who were in the hospital with COPD exacerbations, pneumonia developed in about 36 percent of those who were experiencing their first flare-up. Another study found that older adults with COPD developed pneumonia six times more often than people without this condition.
People with COPD are also at risk of pneumonia becoming severe and leading to life-threatening problems, such as sepsis and respiratory failure. The symptoms of pneumonia include: shortness of breath.
Complications of Shingles
Risk factors for diabetes depend on the type of diabetes. Risk factors for type 1 diabetes Although the exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown, factors that may signal an increased risk include: Family history. Your risk increases if a parent or sibling has type 1 diabetes. Environmental factors. Circumstances such as exposure to a viral illness likely play some role in type 1 diabetes. The presence of damaging immune system cells autoantibodies.
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
Metabolic acidosis can lead to serious complications, including: osteoporosis , which is a loss of bone that can increase the risk of fractures improper growth in children, as metabolic acidosis restricts the growth hormone increased kidney damage, which can worsen chronic kidney disease muscle loss or wasting high blood sugar problems with the endocrine system the glands that create hormones , which can lead to insulin resistance and potentially diabetes increased risk of death Complications of other types of acidosis also include osteoporosis. Osteoporosis can develop because if the kidneys and lungs are unable to get rid of excess acid, the body starts to take calcium from the bones. The body then uses this calcium to neutralize the acid. A study looked at the link between diet-induced acidosis and cancer.
Complications of Infection
Complications can happen if an infection is not diagnosed and treated early. Some infections may have complications even when they are treated early. The infection can spread from one place in your body to the entire body through your bloodstream. Early diagnosis and treatment may prevent complications such as bacteremia, sepsis, and septic shock. These are serious, life-threatening conditions that need immediate treatment.