FADAK IN HISTORY PDF

Situated north of Medina, at a distance of 2 or 3 days journey, it was a very fertile land, where according to the report of Ibn Abil Hadid, date-groves were not less than those of Kufa of 13th century 1 and whose income was between 24, and 70, dinars. Some of their fortresses were taken; two or three were besieged. At last, they proposed a deal that their life, religion, honour etc. The agreement was concluded; the Jews were allowed to work on the land on behalf of the Muslims, and the produce was shared between the Jews and the Muslims half and half. When the Jews of Fadak heard of the battle of Khaibar and the resulting agreement, they began thinking about themselves.

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It comprised of seven villages with considerable land revenue. A peace treaty was made after the battle of Khayber according to which one-half of Fadak was to be retained by the landowners of Fadak and the other half was to be the property of the Holy Prophet pbuh. Hence the Holy Prophet pbuh called Fatima s. She leased the land and its revenue was collected in three installments.

She used this amount for food for her and her children and distributed the rest to the poor people of Bani Hashim. Bibi Fatima s. Sources report that Ali as together with Umm Ayman testified to the fact that Prophet Muhammed pbuh granted it to Fatima s. Abu Bakr refused to accept Imam Ali a. Various primary sources contend that Fadak was gifted by the Holy Prophet pbuh to Fatima s.

When Omar became Khalifa, the value of the land of Fadak along with its dates was, according to some account, 50, dirhams. After Uthman, Imam Ali a.

Under the Umayyads — A. Fadak was then managed this way until the Ummayad Khilaafah expired. Under the Abbasi period — A. Historical accounts differ about what happened to Fadak under early Abbasid rulers. Most likely they collected its revenues and spent it as they pleased. There is, however, consensus among Islamic scholars that Fadak was returned to the descendants of Hazrat Fatima s. Al-Muntasir A. What happened thereafter is uncertain, but Fadak was probably seized by again and managed exclusively by the ruler of the time as his own personal property.

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It comprised of seven villages with considerable land revenue. A peace treaty was made after the battle of Khayber according to which one-half of Fadak was to be retained by the landowners of Fadak and the other half was to be the property of the Holy Prophet pbuh. Hence the Holy Prophet pbuh called Fatima s. She leased the land and its revenue was collected in three installments. She used this amount for food for her and her children and distributed the rest to the poor people of Bani Hashim. Bibi Fatima s.

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FADAK IN HISTORY

See also: Sermon of Fadak Upon the death of Muhmmad, his daughter Fatimah declared her claim to inherit Fadak as the estate of her father. The claim was rejected by the ruling caliph, Abu Bakr, on the grounds that Fadak was public property and arguing that Muhammad had no heirs. Sources report that Ali together with Umm Ayman Barakah testified to the fact that Muhammad granted it to Fatimah Zahra, when Abu Bakr requested Fatima to summon witnesses for her claim. When asked by Muhammad, who the "Dhul Qurba" referred to, Gabriel replied "Fatima" and that by "rights" was meant "Fadak", upon which Muhammad called Fatima and presented Fadak to her. His response left her dumbfounded. It was part of the Muslim charitable trust to be administered by him as Caliph.

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