JATROPHA GOSSYPIFOLIA PDF

Figure 1 Jatropha gossypiifolia L. Several human and veterinary uses in traditional medicine are described for different parts leaves, stems, roots, seeds, and latex and preparations infusion, decoction, and maceration, among others based on this plant, by different routes oral or topical. The most frequent reports concern its antihypertensive, anti-inflammatory, antiophidian, analgesic, antipyretic, antimicrobial, healing, antianemic, antidiabetic, and antihemorrhagic activities, among many other examples [ 3 , 5 , 7 , 9 ]. Other uses are also related to this plant, such as biodiesel production, pesticide, insecticide, vermifuge, ornamentation, and even its use in religious rituals [ 3 , 6 , 10 — 13 ].

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Figure 1 Jatropha gossypiifolia L. Several human and veterinary uses in traditional medicine are described for different parts leaves, stems, roots, seeds, and latex and preparations infusion, decoction, and maceration, among others based on this plant, by different routes oral or topical.

The most frequent reports concern its antihypertensive, anti-inflammatory, antiophidian, analgesic, antipyretic, antimicrobial, healing, antianemic, antidiabetic, and antihemorrhagic activities, among many other examples [ 3 , 5 , 7 , 9 ]. Other uses are also related to this plant, such as biodiesel production, pesticide, insecticide, vermifuge, ornamentation, and even its use in religious rituals [ 3 , 6 , 10 — 13 ]. An important feature of J.

Regarding its phytochemical constitution, alkaloids, coumarins, flavonoids, lignoids, phenols, saponins, steroids, tannins, and terpenoids were already detected in different extracts from different parts of this plant [ 15 ].

Among the main activities already studied for this species including various types of extracts from different parts of the plant , the antihypertensive, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antineoplasic activities mainly stand out, supporting some of its popular uses [ 3 , 16 ].

Some toxicity studies have shown that despite the known toxicity of Jatropha species, J. However, some studies have indicated that ethanolic extract from the leaves, in acute oral use, is safe for rats, but with chronic use, it could be toxic [ 17 — 19 ].

So, in view of the potential applications of this plant, this review aims to provide an up-to-date overview of the traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology, and toxicity data of different parts from J.

The study database included original articles, theses, books, and other reports that preferentially had been judged for academic quality peer-reviewed , covering several aspects of the vegetal species botany, phytochemistry, traditional uses, pharmacology, or toxicology , dating from first scientific report to November , without language restriction.

The Endnote X. It is a pantropical species originating from South America that is cultivated in tropical countries throughout the world [ 20 — 22 ]. There are also the following vernacular names for J.

The complete taxonomy of the species is Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Streptophytina; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; eudicotyledons; core eudicotyledons; rosids; fabids; Malpighiales; Euphorbiaceae; Crotonoideae; Jatropheae; Jatropha; and Jatropha gossypiifolia [ 32 ]. Adenoropium gossypiifolium L. Pohl, Manihot gossypiifolia L. Crantz, Adenoropium elegans Pohl, Jatropha elegans Kl. The flowers are unisexual, purple, and in cymose summits, with the calyx having five petals, which in male flowers may form a petaloid tube.

The fruit is capsular, with three furrows, containing a dark seed with black spots [ 5 , 35 , 36 ]. Regarding the microscopic aspect of the plant leaves, some studies have shown key and important features for botanical identification of this species among other Jatropha species [ 21 , 35 — 37 ]. Chemical Constituents Various chemical constituents have been detected in extracts from different parts of J. Plant part.

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Jatropha Gossypiifolia Herb Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients

Euphorbiaceae Common Names American purging nut, bellyache bush, black physic nut, black physicnut, cotton leaf physic nut, cotton-leaf jatropha, cotton-leaf physic nut, purging nut, red fig-nut flower, wild cassava Origin Native to Mexico, the Caribbean i. Kitts and Nevis and St. Lucia , Central America i. Naturalised Distribution This species has a widespread but scattered distribution throughout northern Australia. It is most common in the northern parts of Queensland, the Northern Territory and Western Australia, but is also present in central and south-eastern Queensland and in other parts of the Northern Territory. The most extensive infestations in Queensland exist within the Burdekin River catchment, where its distribution extends from north of Charters Towers to the Burdekin river mouth and back along many of its tributaries, including the catchments of the Bowen, Suttor, Bogie and Belyando Rivers.

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Jatropha gossypiifolia

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