Instrumental midi version Palestrina left hundreds of compositions, including masses , 68 offertories , at least madrigals and more than motets. In addition, there are at least 72 hymns , 35 magnificats , 11 litanies , and four or five sets of lamentations. Those opinions and rumors have, over centuries, been transmuted into fictional accounts, put into print, and often incorrectly taught as historical fact. His characteristic style remained consistent from the s until the end of his life. Performing editions and recordings of Palestrina have tended to favour his works in the more familiar modes and standard SATB voicings, under-representing the expressive variety of his settings. Casimiri and others.
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He was the most famous 16th century representative of the Roman School of music composition. He had a tremendous influence on the development of Roman Catholic church music , and his work can be seen as a summation of Renaissance polyphony , much the way J.
Bach is for counterpoint in the Baroque era. Life He is first known to have been in Rome in , when he is listed as a choirboy there; he studied with Robin Mallapert and Firmin Lebel.
There was a persistent story that he studied under Claude Goudimel , which originated in the 19th century , but recent scholarship has disproved this: Goudimel was never in Rome. In 51 Palestrina was organist of the principal church of his native city St. With his first published compositions, a book of masses which he presented to Pope Julius III previously the Bishop of Palestrina , he made so favorable an impression that he was appointed musical director of the Julian Chapel.
In addition, this was the first book of masses by a native Italian composer: most composers of sacred music in Italy at that time were from the Netherlands, France or Spain. In fact his book of masses was actually modeled on one by Morales , and the woodcut in the front is an almost exact copy of the one from the book by the Spaniard.
Palestrina held positions similar to his Julian Chapel appointment at other chapels and churches in Rome during the next decade notably St. John Lateran, from to , and St. Maria Maggiore, from to In he returned to the Julian Chapel, and remained at St.
The decade of the s was difficult for him personally; he lost his brother, both his sons, and his wife in three separate outbreaks of the plague , and respectively. He seems to have considered becoming a priest at this time, but instead he married again, this time to a wealthy widow; this finally gave him financial independence he was not well paid as choirmaster and he was able to compose prolifically until his death.
Music and Reputation Palestrina left hundreds of compositions, including masses , 68 offertories , motets , 45 hymns , psalms , 33 magnificats , litanies , 4 or 5 sets of lamentations etc. His Missa sine nomine seems to have been particularly attractive to Johann Sebastian Bach , who studied and performed it while he was writing his own masterpiece, the Mass in B Minor.
His compositions are typified as very clear, with voice parts well-balanced and beautifully harmonized. Among the works counted as his masterpieces is the Missa Papae Marcelli Pope Marcellus Mass , which according to legend was composed to persuade the Council of Trent that a draconian ban on polyphonic treatment of text in sacred music was unnecessary.
However, more recent scholarship shows that this mass was composed before the cardinals convened to discuss the ban possibly as much as ten years before. It is probable, however, that Palestrina was quite conscious of the needs of intelligible text in conformity with the doctrine of the Counter-Reformation , and wrote his works towards this end from the s until the end of his life.
Also, no composer of the 16th century has had such an edifice of myth and legend built around him. Scholarship of the 20th and 21st centuries tends to retain the view that Palestrina was a strong and refined composer, representing a summit of technical perfection, but emphasizes that there were other composers working at the same time with equally individual voices and slightly different styles, even within the confines of smooth polyphony, such as Lassus and Victoria.
Palestrina was immensely famous in his day, and his reputation, if anything, increased in the next century. An exhaustive study of his contrapuntal technique. New York, Available through Dover Publications, Harvard, Gustave Reese , Music in the Renaissance.
New York, W. Stanley Sadie. London, Macmillan Publishers Ltd. Alfred Mann. Columbia University Press, Renaissance and Sacred. Difficulty: medium. Octavo and motet. Piano rehearsal part. Schirmer OC Published by G.
He was the most famous 16th century representative of the Roman School of musical composition. Palestrina had a vast influence on the development of Roman Catholic church music, and his work can be seen as a summation of Renaissance polyphony. He spent most of his career in Rome. Documents suggest he first visited the city in , when he is listed as a chorister at Santa Maria Maggiore basilica. He studied with Robin Mallapert and Firmin Lebel. It was rumored Palestrina studied under Claude Goudimel; the story originated in the 19th century, but according to recent study, Goudimel was never in Rome. From to Palestrina was organist of the principal church of his native city St Agapito , and in the last year became maestro di cappella at the Cappella Giulia, the papal choir at St.
Akijind Previous owners name on inside of front cover. Some shelfwear and light sunning to spine but minimal damage from handling. With an introduction by Edward J. Among his accomplishments were the discovery of ten previously unknown masses by Palestrina in Following his retirement inJeppesen resided in Italy, enabling him to make several discoveries in Italian libraries culminating in palestrima magnum opus, La frottola —70a detailed study and bibliography of frottolethe leading genre of Italian popular, secular songs in the late fifteenth and early sixteenth century. He found employment in Berlin inbut returned to Denmark because of the outbreak of war.