It became the state ideology and sole guiding principle of the government following the rise of a one-party communist state in the country following World War II. This political ideology is based on the idea that man is the master of everything who decides everything. He saw that the revolutionaries did not find the need to go among the masses to enlighten, orchestrate, and trigger them to wage resistance and war to free themselves and, therefore, decided to use that approach which eventually gave the country the freedom. When he came to power, he emphasized on the participation of the masses and the blind belief in the Korean military and called his approach "juche.
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At that time, thede-Stalinization movements were raging in the Soviet Union afterthe death of Stalin, who had helped Kim Il-sung seize power, andalso criticism against Kim Il-sung was growing within North Koreafor the failure in the Korean War.
Now Juche Ideology is utilized by the ruling hierarchy inPyongyang as an ideological weapon to justify its dictatorshipand hereditary power succession plan on the domestic scene, as ameans to justify its closed-door system externally, and as anideological tool to achieve a Communist revolution in the South. At thesame time, North Korea began to use the catch phrase to intensifythe personality cult of Kim Il-sung and to justify his monolithicleadership. Entering the s, North Korea put up the so-called "the fuehrer doctrine," explaining that "the Suryong Leader is an impeccable brain of the living body, the masses can be endowedwith their life in exchange for their loyalty to him, and theParty is the nerve of that living body.
In the "Philosophical Principle of Juche Ideology," only theholders of loyalty to the Suryong are recognized as the self-reliant beings, and in the "Socio-Historical Principle of Juche," only the masses guided by the Party and the Suryong areconsidered as the masters of history; therefore, Juche Ideologyis none other than a sophistry to theorize the idea ofpersonality cult of the Suryong Kim Il-sung, and Kim Jong-il. The guiding principle of Juche Ideology, which emphasizesideological and political reindoctrination of the people beforeothers, must be blamed for making North Korean people lifeless, which finally brought about economicdevastation.
Again, the fuehrer doctrine, which isrepresented by the "Theory of the Immortal Socio-Political Body,"contends that "without the Suryong, which is the brain, and theParty, which is the nerve, the masses will remain dead bodiesbecause they are no more than arms and legs.
Juche Ideology mustbe criticized because it is nothing but a theory of dictatorshipeven surpassing the fascist autocracy. The personality cult has transformed North Korea into adictatorial state ruled by a divine right of one person, andoveremphasis on self-reliance has made North Korean society growto be a closed one.
Hwang Jang-yop, the architecture of Juche Ideology, whodefected from North Korea in February, , and came to Korea to seek political asylum, confessed that Juche Ideology isthe "weapon of dictatorship" and that it has been used as a propaganda machine to deceive some leftist groups in the Republic of Korea.
Onafhankelijkheid[ bewerken brontekst bewerken ] Een essentieel onderdeel van de Juche-idee is dat het Noord-Koreaanse volk niet economisch afhankelijk moet zijn van andere landen, men moet op eigen kracht vertrouwen en van het land een zelfvoorzienende natie maken. Daarbij is het overigens van belang aan te tekenen, dat ondanks dit uitgangspunt, de Noord-Koreaanse staat alleen kon overleven dankzij goedkope import van grondstoffen uit de Volksrepubliek China en destijds de Sovjet-Unie. Sinds het ineenstorten van de Sovjet-Unie en de intrede van steeds meer kapitalisme in China is er dan ook weinig meer over van de Noord-Koreaanse economie. Men moet dus niet op individuele kracht vertrouwen, maar op het volk. Hierin wijkt de Juche-idee nauwelijks af van het corporatisme dat ook uit gaat van een organische staatsopbouw. Daar komt bij dat net als bij een corporatistische samenleving het volk in klassen wordt opgedeeld, net als in Noord-Korea, waar men drie klassen kent: de arbeiders, de boeren en de intellectuelen.
The Juche Ideology: An Introduction
Kallie Szczepanski is a history teacher specializing in Asian history and culture. She has taught at the high school and university levels in the U. Kallie Szczepanski Updated February 17, Juche , or Korean socialism, is a political ideology first formulated by Kim Il-sung — , the founder of modern North Korea. The word Juche is a combination of two Chinese characters, Ju and Che, Ju meaning master, subject, and the self as actor; Che meaning object, thing, material. Over the s, 60s, and 70s, the ideology evolved into a complex set of principles that some have called a political religion. Kim himself referred to it as a type of reformed Confucianism.
What Is The Juche Ideology Of North Korea?
But for the tourist, just what is the Juche ideology? In an objective but honest sense, we set out to answer these questions here. What is Juche? It is a doctrine which teaches that things should be independent and shape their own destiny.
The Juche idea means, in a nutshell, that the masters of the revolution and construction are the masses of the people and that they are also the motive force of the revolution and construction. The Juche idea is based on the philosophical principle that man is the master of everything and decides everything. It is the man-centred world outlook and also a political philosophy to materialize the independence of the popular masses, namely, a philosophy which elucidates the theoretical basis of politics that leads the development of society along the right path. It means maintaining an independent and creative standpoint in finding solutions to the problems which arise in the revolution and construction. The realization of independence in politics, selfsufficiency in the economy and self-reliance in national defence is a principle the Government maintains consistently.