KISHANGANGA DAM PDF

In all, 18 shells fell from across the LoC, just a kilometre away over the hills, on both sides of the dam, which was then close to completion. Back then, there was no water in it. According to dam officials, along with the workers, a large number of villagers too, rushed into the tunnel for shelter, and demanded to be evacuated. The surge shaft dug metres into mountainside. Hundreds of CISF personnel currently guard the dam. An Army camp deployed on the LoC is nearby, providing an added layer of overall defence for the dam.

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In all, 18 shells fell from across the LoC, just a kilometre away over the hills, on both sides of the dam, which was then close to completion. Back then, there was no water in it. According to dam officials, along with the workers, a large number of villagers too, rushed into the tunnel for shelter, and demanded to be evacuated. The surge shaft dug metres into mountainside. Hundreds of CISF personnel currently guard the dam. An Army camp deployed on the LoC is nearby, providing an added layer of overall defence for the dam.

During a recent visit by this correspondent, a row of artillery guns inside the camp was visible from the road, their barrels trained at the mountain. If India decided to locate the project there despite the evident dangers of the LoC, it could not have been without the confidence that it could handle this challenge, dam officials who did not wish to be named, told The Indian Express.

The biggest defence, said the officials, is that any act to destroy the dam would actually pose the greatest danger to Pakistan — the maximum impact would be felt downstream, across the LoC, in Pakistan Occupied Kashmir. As the Kishanganga flows, the LoC is only about 10 km from the dam, and habitation begins almost immediately. Of the 27 villages in Gurez, only six are located downstream along the banks of the Kishanganga, and all have been shifted uphill due to the dam. However, even assuming that the dam is targeted, shelling from across the LoC does not pose a real danger, officials said.

The dam is located in a gorge, and is not in the direct line of fire. The project is built on the Kishanganga river, a tributary of Jhelum. Express photo by Neeraj Priyadarshi A more serious concern is sabotage by an individual or groups, said the official.

But that too would pose the same dangers of flooding downstream. The river is wide enough to cause flooding at a discharge of about 2, cumec cubic metres per second. The Kishanganga dam has a pondage of about 7 million cubic metres, but how this will translate into water flow will depend on the extent of damage to the dam, and consequently, the time it would take for it to flow out. The people who live in the villages near the dam site are also thought of as another layer of security.

In Kashmir, the people of Gurez are considered pro-India. Many are directly or indirectly employed by the Army. View of the Bandipora region from the Kishanganga Hydro Power project located on river Kishanganga Express photo by Neeraj Priyadarshi As for the other parts of the project, the tunnel is bored deep in the mountains, and transports the water of the Kishanganga to an underground power station in Bandipora in the Kashmir Valley.

Officials say that these portions of the dam are inaccessible, and would be difficult if not outright impossible to target. Click here to join our channel indianexpress and stay updated with the latest headlines For all the latest Explained News , download Indian Express App.

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Kishanganga Hydroelectric Plant

Two National Assembly committees also urged World Bank to form court of arbitration to mediate the dispute over the Indus Waters Treaty between the two countries. The two projects are being constructed on the Jhelum and Chenab rivers. Until the World Bank constitutes the court of arbitration, it must persuade India to put an immediate halt to ongoing construction of the Ratle dam till the issue is resolved, read the joint resolution adopted unanimously by both the government and opposition members of the committees. The construction of dams on the western rivers by India has brought the two countries at loggerheads and Pakistan has engaged the World Bank, a facilitator of the IWT, to stop India from going ahead with the construction. The committees were briefed on the agenda -- Indian threat on the Indus Waters Treaty and to chart out a course of action for Pakistan.

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Kishanganga dam issue: World Bank asks Pakistan to accept India’s demand of 'neutral expert'

Pakistan has alleged that the construction of the Kishanganga dam over the waters flowing in the western rivers is a violation of Indus Water Treaty as it alters the course of the river but also depletes the water level of rivers flowing into Pakistan. India has refuted these claims and has maintained that the differences are due to the design of the dam and hence the matter should be addressed to a "neutral expert", the report said. It would also mean that Pakistan has "surrendered" its right to raise disputes before international courts, the report added. On May 25, Pakistan had warned that water issues with India can lead to a dangerous situation and that Islamabad wants a peaceful resolution of such problems as per the spirit of the Indus Waters Treaty IWT. Foreign Office spokesperson Muhammad Faisal, during the weekly media briefing, said the World Bank has assured that the international agreement will not be breached. The warning came close on the heels of a meeting between the World Bank and Pakistan. The meeting came days after India inaugurated the Kishanganga hydroelectric project in Jammu and Kashmir.

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Pakistan asks India to suspend work on Kishanganga, Ratle hydro power projects in Jammu and Kashmir

On Saturday, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the project — which includes a dam on the tributary — barely metres away from the Line of Control in the disputed Kashmir region. The project will generate 1, million units of electricity per year. The dam will divert Jhelum waters to an underground power house. To do so, it will transfer the water from the Gurez Valley back into mainland Kashmir, instead of allowing it to flow into Pakistan. The dam will give India control over a river that flows from Pakistan into India-held Kashmir and then re-enters Pakistan. The treaty gives India control over three eastern rivers — Beas, Ravi and Sutlej. Pakistan argues that the Kishanganga project violates both conditions by changing the course of the river and depleting the water level.

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