In addition, all these groups break down into still smaller societies in subgroups. Van Gennep uses the metaphor, "as a kind of house divided into rooms and corridors. Van Gennep further distinguishes between "the secular" and "the sacred sphere. Passage between these groups requires a ceremony , or ritual hence rite of passage. He refuses credit for being the first to recognize type of rites. In the work he concentrates on groups and rites individuals might normally encounter progressively: pregnancy, childbirth, initiation, betrothal, marriage, funerals and the like.
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Liminality - Rites of Passage - Arnold Van Gennep Arnold Van Gennep Van Gennep , who invented the term liminality, published in his Rites de Passage , a work that is essential to the development of the concept of liminality in the context of rituals in small-scale societies.
Van Gennep began his book by identifying the various categories of rites. He distinguished between those that result in a change of status for an individual or social group, and those that signify transitions in the passage of time.
Two characteristics are essential to these rites. The destructive nature of this rite allows for considerable changes to be made to the identity of the initiand. Van Gennep considered rites of initiation to be the most typical rite.
In such rites of passage, the experience is highly structured. By constructing this three-part sequence, van Gennep identified a pattern he believed was inherent in all ritual passages. An anthropological ritual, especially a rite of passage, involves some change to the participants, especially their social status.
Their status thus becomes liminal. Van Gogh Museum - History
Rite of passage
Liminality - Rites of Passage - Arnold Van Gennep
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